Salzburg's Alstadt, or Old Town, sits on the south bank of the Salzach River. This is where you will find most of the city's famous attractions and its eternally beating Baroque heart. But some of the city's best theaters, including the Landestheater, lie on the River's north bank, and the southern edge of town is home to must-see sights such as Schloss Hellbrunn.
WHEN TO GO
Salzburg, situated next to the Prealps, has a fairly classic Alpine climate, meaning long, dry, snow-laden winters and short, hot summers. The latter is a busy and exciting season, thanks partly to the Salzburg Festival. Winter is also busy: A ski shuttle service ferries snow bunnies to surrounding resorts, and in town, December brings a world of Christmas markets, Glühwein, and carols. Joseph Mohr, composer of "Silent Night," was born here, after all.
HOW TO GET THERE
Salzburg's W.A. Mozart Airport is two miles from the city center (www.salzburg-airport.com). There are no direct flights from the United States, but the airport is served by Austrian Airlines, Air France, and Lufthansa. Public buses between the airport and Salzburg's main railway station leave at ten-minute intervals; the trip takes about 20 minutes. The average cost of a cab into town is around $17.
Since Salzburg's best-known attractions are clustered in the dense Alstadt, you can do most of your sightseeing on foot. If you need to get to the north bank of the river, though, the city offers a very efficient trolleybus and bus system, and taxis are relatively cheap (and easy to nab) if you're heading for outlying attractions.
Salzburg Tourist Office
Tel: 43 66288 9870
Fax: 43 66288 98732
Tel: 43 66288 987330
Central Railway Station (Hauptbahnhof)
Tel: 43 66288 987340
Tel: 43 66288 987360